The North African countries can be countries of origin, transit and destination for complex and mixed migration movements. Algeria and Libya, in particular, have traditionally attracted migrants seeking employment opportunities. Many migration routes from the Sahel and Lake Chad and the Horn of Africa regions converge in countries of North Africa. Additionally, migration movements between North African countries are significant. Dominant migrant protection concerns relate to smuggling and trafficking of migrants, to, through and from the region and across the Mediterranean. Death and abuse en route, detention and the situation of unaccompanied and separated migrant children are of acute concern in North Africa, in particular in Libya.